The weight of red solid brick
In the construction of houses and hozblok most often used solid brick red. It has high performance and provides buildings with durability. Before you start building this material, you need to know not only its properties, but also be able to correctly calculate the weight parameters and flow.
How much does one brick weigh?
A full-bodied red brick is a bulk building material, which is produced by special technology from high-grade refractory clay. He has inside a minimum of voids, their equivalent is usually 10-15%. To determine the weight of one piece of red full-bodied brick, it is important to consider that it can be produced in three types:
- one and a half;
The average weight of a single unit is 3.5 kg, one-and-a-half is 4.2 kg, and a double one is 7 kg. At the same time for the construction of houses most often choose the material of standard sizes 250x120x65 mm, its weight is 3,510 kg. Facing the same buildings perform special single blocks, in this case, one brick weighs 1.5 kg. For the construction of fireplaces and stoves, it is recommended to use the material marked M150, it has excellent thermal safety and with standard dimensions the mass of a single furnace unit can be from 3.1 to 4 kg.
In addition, an ordinary brick of the M100 brand is used for exterior decoration, it is frost-resistant, provides the building with good noise insulation and protects it from moisture penetration. The weight of one such block is 3.5-4 kg. If construction of multi-storey buildings is planned, then it is necessary to acquire material with a strength class of at least 200. Brick marked M200 has an increased level of strength, is characterized by excellent thermal insulation and weighs an average of 3.7 kg.
Calculation of the total mass of building materials
In order to build a building reliably lasting a long time, the quality of brick laying plays a huge role in its construction.Therefore, in order for the material to withstand the optimal and maximum load, it is necessary to correctly calculate the mass of material per 1 m3 of masonry. To this end, the masters use a simple formula: the specific gravity of a red solid brick is multiplied by its quantity in laying. At the same time, we should not forget about the mass of the cement mortar, as well as take into account the number of rows, seams and wall thickness.
The resulting value is approximate, since it may have minor deviations. In order to avoid mistakes during construction, it is necessary to decide in advance on the brand of brick, the method of laying and to correctly calculate the weight and width of the walls when creating a project.
To simplify the calculation of the total mass of the material can and by calculating individual areas.
Before you buy a building material, you also need to know its consumption. The brick is transported in special pallets, where the blocks are placed at an angle of 45, in the form of a “Christmas tree”. In one such pallet, as a rule, from 300 to 500 units of fragments are placed. The total weight of the material is easy to calculate yourself, if you know the number of blocks in the pallet and the weight of one unit. Usually used for transporting wooden pallets weighing up to 40 kg, their carrying capacity can be 900 kg.
To simplify the calculations, the buyer and the seller must also take into account the fact that a single red full-bodied brick weighs up to 3.6 kg, one and a half to 4.3 kg, and double to 7.2 kg. Based on this, it turns out that, on average, between 200 and 380 bricks are placed on one wooden substrate. By performing simple calculations, the approximate weight of the material on the pallet is determined, it will be from 660 to 1200 kg. If you add the weight of the container, then the result will be the desired value.
For the construction of buildings, you should also have information and how much cubic meters of material will be required for the brickwork, how much it will weigh. Up to 513 blocks are placed in 1 m3 of single full-bodied red brick, therefore the mass ranges from 1693 to 1847 kg. For one-and-a-half bricks, this indicator will change, since in 1 m3 its quantity can reach 379 pieces, therefore, the weight will be from 1515 to 1630 kg. As for the double blocks, then in one cubic meter there are about 242 units and a mass from 1597 to 1742 kg.
In recent years, many landowners prefer to engage in the construction of houses and hoztopostroyk independently. Of course, this process is considered difficult and requires the presence of certain knowledge, but if you make the project correctly and calculate the brick consumption,then in the end it will turn out to build a beautiful and durable building. The following examples will help the beginning masters in calculating building materials.
Consumption of red solid bricks for the construction of a two-story house 10 × 10 m. First of all, it is necessary to know the entire length of external floors Since the building will have 4 walls, the total length will be 40 m. With a ceiling height of 3.1 m, the external wall area of the two floors will be 248 m2 (s = 40 × 6.2). From the resulting figure will have to subtract certain areas, remote under the door and window openings, since they will not be lined with brick. Thus, it turns out that the area of the walls of the future house will be 210 m2 (248m2-38m2).
For the construction of multi-storey buildings, it is recommended to make walls with a thickness of at least 68 cm, so the laying will be performed in 2.5 rows. At first, the laying is carried out with ordinary single brick in two rows, then facing with facing brick is made in one row. The calculation of the blocks in this case looks like this: 21 × 210 = 10710 units. In this case, a single ordinary brick for overlapping will need: 204 × 210 = 42,840 pcs. The weight of building material is calculated by multiplying the mass of one block by the total quantity.In this case, it is important to take into account the brand of brick and its features.
Consumption of solid red brick on the laying of the wall 5 × 3 m. In this case, the surface area to be laid out will be 15 m2. Since the construction of 1 m2 to use 51 pcs. blocks, this number is multiplied by the area of 15 m2. As a result, it turns out that 765 bricks are required for the construction of an overlap of 5 × 3 m. Since during construction it is necessary to take into account mortar joints, the resulting figure will increase by about 10% /, and the consumption of blocks will be 842 pieces.
Since up to 275 units of red brick are placed on one pallet, and its weight is 1200 kg, it is easy to calculate the required number of pallets and their cost. In this case, to build a wall you will need to purchase at least 3 pallets.
A review of the characteristics of the red full-bodied Votkinsky brick M 100 see below.