Track in the country with their own hands from scrap materials
Cottage used for gardening and recreation. For the convenience of moving around the site, transitions are necessary that link the outbuildings, serve to divide the backyard area into functional areas, make it easier to take care of the garden, transport garden tools and crops in a wheelbarrow, and allow you to walk around the cottage in any weather.
Beautifully arranged paths are perceived as an aesthetic accent. in landscape design. This part of the exterior is easy to do yourself, knowing the characteristics of styling and using the materials at hand.Consider the basic rules of arrangement of the tracks and try to be inspired by various design ideas in order to implement the ones you like most in your local area.
What to consider when laying?
The tracks differ in purpose and material requirements. The location of the pedestrian paths is taken into account at the planning stage of the site. On the plan we draw functional zones: a garden, a kitchen garden, a yard, an economic block, an entrance zone, a main house, buildings for pets and birds. We connect them with the most convenient transitions. We choose either the shortest distance to the land use object, or the most aesthetic, if it is a walking path. Often use this technique: one season, walking on bare ground, and where the tracks are trodden, and there is the most convenient location.
Along the paths already equip tracks.
It is necessary to consider the landscape of the site. Perhaps, somewhere it is necessary to fill up the ground, and in other places to cut an unnecessary hill. Paths for walking should be laid, using uneven terrain. It is pleasant, having risen on a hill, to see a sprawling garden or park. Designers prefer the turning effect: the straight section is replaceda sharp turn, behind which there is either a beautiful gazebo, or a particularly decorated corner of the garden, or a waterfall surrounded by a pond.
It is recommended to equip rectilinear paths in economic zones for the efficiency of work in the garden or ease of poultry care. In a zone of a garden or park, winding natural lines are better perceived. The elongated narrow section can be visually expanded by positioning the track along a sinusoid or zigzag across the territory. Straight paths stretching into the distance visually lengthen the space of the villa.
The path should not rest against the fence. It is better if it ends at the entrance to the structure or the gate. It is possible to equip a false gate with an arch entwined with flowers, in this arch it is good to place a bench, then the path will be logically justified and completed.
The list of mandatory work according to the technical requirements for the arrangement of the tracks includes digging a trench, tamping the foundation with a bed of sand or rubble. This litter protects the path from subsidence of individual sections of the material and prevents grass from overgrowing.
The track structure assumes the presence of drainage so that no puddles form on the canvas.Usually it is enough to make the edges slightly lower than the middle part. In a cut, it looks like an arc. So the water will drain away from the center and the path will always be dry.
It is important that the width of the track is sufficient. The minimum width of the cottage path should be at least 80 centimeters in order to freely move the loaded car for the necessary work throughout the section.
The height of the track without a curb should be flush with the ground, it is more convenient to mow the grass and the path will always look neat.
The protruding track from the ground will not allow doing this, and the grass will have to be cut with a special hand tool separately, this is not always convenient.
The material chosen for the tracks is not slippery and resistant to temperature changes in winter and summer. In the front area and in places of frequent visits, it is better to choose a more wear-resistant stone or tile; in the park area, you can prefer sand, saw cut wood, crushed bark.
The most inexpensive and durable tracks are made on a concrete base. For this, a trench of 15-20 centimeters in depth is dug out, a layer of rubble about 5 centimeters high is poured at the bottom, a reinforcing mesh is laid, a layer of sand is filled up 5-7 cm, formwork is made from the slats and installed around the trench edges.Instead of formwork, you can immediately install the curbs, if they are planned initially, but such a path and without curbs is strong enough.
Cement mortar is prepared in the following proportions: 1 part of cement needs 1.5 parts of sand and 3 parts of gravel, water is added a little less than 1 part to form a semi-liquid mass. This mass is poured into the formwork, observing the slope from the center of the path to the edges for drainage. Level to ground level. The track can be used in this form, but for 3-4 days it is better to cover it with a film for uniform setting of the cement.
These tracks have increased strength., it is good to use them in an economic zone and in a zone of access roads. This material practically does not give in to corrosion, maintains the big loading, but from the esthetic point of view looks a little monotonous.
For decorating, it is worth buying a mold for casting parts from cement and laying out the canvas of the track with these elements.
If desired, decorate the surface of the track with various natural finishing materials that are in your area, for example, pebbles or shell rock.They can be pre-painted in various colors with exterior paint.
You can leave the stones in their natural form. Pebbles can be bought, and you can collect in the district, although it will take time, but this will help you to spend time in nature. Spread decor or randomly, or in the form of a pattern.
It is necessary to make a beautiful and utilitarian track in the country from the fragments of unnecessary ceramic or faience tiles. Well, if this tile will be a different color. Many after the repair are the remains of tiles, which is a pity to throw, perhaps, friends have a couple of tiles or cracked specimens. Everything is assembled and shaped like a mosaic. Well, if the pieces are of different sizes. The base is prepared, as in the first case, but fragments of tile are pressed into the cement that has not yet become frozen.
Such garden paths from the improvised material are durable, well insulated from moisture, not destroyed by frost, are a bright accent in the design of the villa.
On a concrete base, decorative trim is made from a variety of materials. If your family likes fizzy drinks, then don't throw away the bottles or collect the caps from them,You can ask at the nearest point of catering plastic containers for drinks. For decoration use different parts of plastic bottles.
The brightest and most beautiful tracks can be made from colorful covers. It will take a long time to collect a long country path, but it is quite possible for everyone to draw up some areas with their own hands. The covers are pressed into the prepared concrete surface, arranging them harmoniously in colors.
Another way to decorate is as follows: cut the bottom from the bottle to a height of 5 to 8 centimeters and bury these glasses in a concrete screed. Even if over time the plastic breaks off, a beautiful flower of frozen cement will remain on the surface.
For the device tracks sometimes use a whole plastic container. The bottle is filled with sand, placed in a dug trench with a sand pillow, the gaps between the bottles are filled with very fine gravel or sand. For such purposes, suitable and glass bottles. Glass or plastic create multi-colored highlights in the sun and have a very picturesque appearance.
The covering turns out unusual and elegant, children like it very much. The surface of plastic is always warm, but it can withstand a small payload and the material deteriorates easily from mechanical damage.The decor of the lids is well packaged with the borders of the bottles set upside down.
At the dacha there may be remains of bricks, they can also be used for the construction of approaches to the house, shed, bath.
The technology of making such a path is somewhat simpler than that of concrete. A trench is dug for a bed 15 centimeters deep, a pad of sand 5 centimeters thick is poured, compacted, bricks are laid on the sand, not forgetting to make a slope to the edges. From above they are covered with sand, they are spilled with water from a hose, after the precipitation of sand they fill it up again, again they spill. This procedure is done until the sand fills all the gaps to the top of the bricks. The covering turns out very strong, frost-resistant, well heats up in the summer, on it it is pleasant to walk barefoot. A big role here is played by sufficient brick tamping to maintain a flat surface and the edges of the bricks not protruding from the web.
If there is a whole brick, it is laid out like a type-setting parquet.
The budget option is to use broken bricks. This may remain after the repair work or be a waste of construction.The pieces of brick are carefully picked from chips and laid according to the type of mosaic.
Even more interesting will look option with the use of bricks of different colors: white and red. The coating looks aesthetically pleasing. Brick is one of the most resistant materials, but for access roads, of course, it is a fragile coating. But for pedestrian and cycle paths it will serve for many years.
Paths from a tree - one of the most popular on country sites. This is an affordable and beautiful natural material. The natural wooden surface attracts with natural color and interlacing of wood fibers, it can be tinted in various shades. In the summer heat, this coating cools the feet, and in the cold it has a pleasant surface temperature. It is useful for children to play on wooden lanes, they will not get dirty and will not catch a cold. The aesthetics of wooden coatings correspond to the aesthetics of the site, decorated in a natural style.
Such tracks are made of boards. The frame is built on supports from wooden or metal posts, boards are sewn onto it. The space between the ground and the cover is ventilated and does not allow the tree to rot.All wooden parts must be treated with antiseptic.
In another embodiment, wooden sleepers are placed on a cushion of rubble. The shallow trench rummages, covered with a layer of sand, the space between the boards is filled with stone. Here you can not make a clear boundary between gravel and forbs. It is not a bad way to walk along such a path to a pond, overgrown with sedge, to touch the branches of apple trees that are bent under the weight of bulk apples.
Tree, as a rule, is the main element of landscape composition.
However, the treated board is a rather expensive material, so it is much more common to use wood cuts to make tracks. They can be of different sizes and heights from 8 to 15 centimeters. The installation technology is quite simple: a trench is dug 20 centimeters deep, a sand cushion is compacted, hemp is installed and the gaps between them are crushed with rubble, pebbles, sand. The cuts of the tree give an intricate pattern of wood rings, eco-friendly, inexpensive, easily replaced with destruction.
Wood of any wood can be used, but it requires treatment with agents to protect it from moisture.
Hardly exposed to the environment rubber coating from tires. The simplest and practical tracks are made of tires cut off at the edges, the straight part is straightened and placed directly on the ground. Such paths, if necessary, can be moved to another place, they are indispensable in the garden for passage between the beds or in areas intended for keeping pets.
In some areas there is an overabundance of any natural material that can be the basis for garden paths. If there is a coniferous forest near you, you can probably pick up bark there. This material, poured in a thick layer, is durable enough, has a beautiful texture, passes moisture well, and remains dry, when a section of the coating fails, it can be easily replaced with fresh bark. The technology for making such a track is very simple - a trench is laid with a depth of 10-15 centimeters, a layer of sand is poured and compacted, and the rest of the space is filled with about 10 centimeters with a bark.
More resistant to moisture and carrying a greater payload is a coating of rubble or sand.The technology of arrangement is the same as in the first case, only instead of bark fine gravel, gravel or sand is poured. With proper equipment cushions such tracks serve for many years, but it is better to protect them with borders.
Perhaps there are deposits of cobblestones nearby. The tracks of them have a fabulous view, durable and decorate the landscape of the site. For arranging such paths, stones are laid in a trench on a pillow of sand with the flat side up, so that the surface is as flat as possible. The gaps are filled with sand or fine gravel.
For the summer period, some owners of the plots cover the paths between the beds with strips of linoleum, but it must be borne in mind that raw linoleum is very slippery and you can get injured by moving along this surface.
The tracks on the site can be combined - in the front area, stronger and wider, in distant parts of the garden, narrow down to a small trail of bark or sand, in a recreation area, have a special aesthetics of performance.
Border of flowers will decorate the canvas, made of any other material.
In any case, the device tracks with their own hands - a very exciting and creative process.You can involve family members to find suitable building materials, for artistic decoration and to create patterns. It will unite the family and bring the joy of creation.
Ideas for inspiration
We will get acquainted with how professional designers design this element of beautification.
The tracks do not have to be filled with a continuous cloth. In the garden area, where the load is less, you can run a fragmentary path in the lawn canvas.
Mosaic of pebbles.
Beautiful paths adorn the most different parts of the site and are an element of landscape design of the backyard territory.
Lighting plays a significant role in the perception of space. The simplest coverage thanks to him in the evening will be the highlight of the suburban area.
It is worth inserting artistic details or floral ornament into the cover canvas.
How to make a beautiful track with your own hands, see the next video.