How to choose high-quality bedding?

How to choose high-quality bedding?

In order to wake up in a good mood in the morning, it is necessary to provide a good night's sleep, which largely depends on good bed linen. In this article we will talk about the materials from which it is made.

Key quality parameters

Full sleep affects the general condition of a person, his mood and health. If we consider that one third of life we ​​spend in the arms of Morpheus, then to ensure comfort and proper rest, a person needs a good bed and quality bedding.

In retail manufacturers today offer a huge selection of bedding sets, which differ in the structure of the fabric, density, variety of colors.Bedding sets are on sale from the cheapest - budget offers to the most expensive - luxury.

Consider the main characteristics that should be paid attention to when buying. An important criterion, indicated on the labels, is the quality class of the canvas, it is determined by different indicators of cotton, silk and linen fabrics.

  • The quality class of cotton fiber fabrics indicates the percentage of trash in the canvas. This indicator is classified into five stages starting from the highest and ending with weed. This classification determines the quality and appearance of bed linen.
  • The quality class of silk bed linen is determined by the density of the threads at the base. The unit of density is mom or gram per square meter. Luxury underwear has indicators from 22 to 40 mom.
  • The quality class of linen made of flax is determined by the environmental properties and density. Without impurities, flax cloth should have a density of 120-150 g per square meter. m

The strength of the linen and its durability are one of the main indicators when choosing. The problem of this kind can be detected after the first few washes, since the loose fabric of bed linen quickly loses its appearance and becomes unusable.

The properties of hygroscopicity and breathability are very important in the summer period because of the property of the human body to sweat. According to these properties, natural fabrics provide more comfortable conditions than synthetic ones. Dyes used in the manufacture of linen and give it a beautiful and bright spring appearance, should be hypoallergenic and have stability with regular washings. Density is the main criterion to which, first of all, you need to pay attention when buying, because the durability of bed linen depends on it. Density is determined depending on the number of fibers per 1 square. cm and reflected on the label by the manufacturer:

  • very low - from 20-30 fibers per 1 square. cm;
  • low - from 35-40 fibers per 1 square. cm;
  • average - from 50-65 fibers per 1 square. cm;
  • above the average - from 65-120 fibers per 1 square. cm;
  • very high - from 130 to 280 fibers per 1 square. cm.

Density depends on the type of fabric from which the kit is made, the method of weaving and the technology of twisting the thread:

  • natural silk - from 130 to 280;
  • flax and cotton - at least 60;
  • percale, sateen - more than 65;
  • batist - at least 20-30 fibers per 1 square. cm.

First of all, going into the store and choosing a product, we look at the packaging.It must be of high quality, as its task is to protect the bedding from the influence of the environment and to protect it during transportation and storage. The quality of the goods in it depends on the appearance of the package. In accordance with GOST, the tailoring of each product must be carried out from a single-cut fabric, that is, additional seams on the sheet and duvet cover are not allowed, such seams impair the strength of the product. If possible, check how strong the main seams are on the products. If you stretch the fabric you see gaps in the area of ​​the seams, then you should refrain from buying.

In the production of colored linen should be applied a good dye, which when washed is able to withstand high temperatures. The label of the manufacturer must contain an inscription with a recommendation about the mode and the required temperature of washing. To check the quality of the dye, you should rub the fabric with your hand: the presence of paint on the palm indicates poor-quality products. The blurred color of the picture indicates that the laundry may fade during washing.

New linen, made in accordance with GOST, has the smell of textiles,the presence of any other odor (chemistry, mold) indicates a wrong production technology and inadequate storage and transportation.

Material rating


Bed linen is made from various fabrics, but remember that it is best to choose the one that is made from natural raw materials. We present the characteristics of the materials from which bed linen is made.

  • Natural silk is elite and belongs to expensive materials (this is probably its only minus). Silk is a matter that can warm in the winter and bring coolness to the summer heat of the night. Silk underwear looks gorgeous, it is pleasant to the touch, very durable, but requires proper care. The history of this textile has several millennia.

For the production of fabrics, fibers are extracted from silkworm cocoons, therefore such textiles are considered the most expensive and luxurious in the world. The material is gentle, flowing, gives a full healthy sleep and provides a pleasant feeling. The fabric has good air permeability properties, contains substances that slow down the aging process, absorbs moisture well, but does not completely absorb it, so the skin does not overdry.

  • Linen meets all the necessary requirements: comfortable to the body, does not electrify, does not fade, does not fade, perfectly absorbs moisture, repels UV rays. Flax is environmentally friendly because it is grown without the use of pesticides. It has a good heat transfer and the highest strength, such underwear will serve you for many years faithfully.

When first used, bed linen seems rather rough when it comes into contact with the body, but after two washes it becomes very comfortable. The only flaw in flax is that the fabric is hard to iron. Natural flax is easily identified by the knots on the surface of the fabric.

  • Blended fabric consists of fibers of cotton and flax, ironed much easier than linen, strength is lower. Some manufacturers make kits that include a linen sheet, and the duvet cover and pillowcases are made from a mixture of flax and cotton fibers.
  • Bamboo appeared on the Russian market recently. Lingerie is shiny and soft, very comfortable to the body at any time of the year, has antimicrobial properties and relatively high strength.
  • Cotton is the most common material for the manufacture of linen.Prices depending on the manufacturer are very different because of the quality and technology of processing of raw materials. When washing and using cotton is much more convenient than flax. The best and most durable cotton is considered to be produced in Egypt.
  • Satin much softer than the fabric, which is composed of one hundred percent cotton. It is made from twisted cotton fibers. In its manufacture using both natural and synthetic yarn. Looks like silk, but the cost is much lower.

The linen from sateen is not rumpled. The reverse side of the fabric has a rough structure, so it does not slip. The advantage of sateen is that it is durable, practical and warms in the winter. In the summer it is better to refuse sateen and to prefer materials which pass air better.

  • Poplin it looks very similar to calico, but in its production silk, viscose and synthetic threads are added to cotton fibers. The main difference from other types of bed linen is that in its manufacture different threads are used in width, and a scar fabric is created. Advantages of poplin: the fabric is very soft and elastic, therefore it is pleasant to the body; maintains many washes, has good hygroscopicity, retains heat well, does not fade.
  • Percale made from cotton, having a long nap. The material is made by interlacing the fibers and adding non-twisted yarn, which gives strength and smoothness to the fabric. Percale has a high density and, accordingly, a long service life without loss of high-quality appearance. Advantages: creates comfortable conditions during sleep, has a velvety and delicate surface structure, has excellent air permeability, retains heat well.
  • Batiste - refined, translucent and delicate material, which is made the bed only in special cases. The fabric is made from the finest high-quality twisted yarn, consisting of a mixture of cotton, flax and synthetic fibers. For the first time such fabric was made by Baptiste Cambrai in the 13th century in Flanders. To improve the strength of the fabric undergoes mercerization (inventor J. Mercer) - it is treated with alkali.

Gentle cloth requires very careful care, so washing should be done only in manual mode at a temperature not exceeding 30 ° C, without spinning. Ironing is done through gauze fabrics and only from the seamy side.Advantages: has a silky soft surface, good breathability, very comfortable to the body, hypoallergenic, well retains its original appearance.

  • Ranfors made from purified cotton. It should be noted that the ability of the fabric to shrink depends on the quality of cleaning cotton; therefore, ranfors practically does not give it after washing. In the manufacture of fabric is made diagonal weave, which gives increased strength and a smooth surface. Advantages of ranfors: has a light and delicate surface, has high durability, tolerates washing well, retains its original appearance for a long time, does not electrify.

Ranfors has a high hygienic, as in its production used dyes of excellent quality. Because of the similarity of structures, ranfors is often confused with coarse calico or poplin, but it should be noted that it is of great value.


Synthetic bedding is made from polyester and cellulose. There is a large selection of linen made of synthetic fibers, they buy it because of its low cost, but it does not need to be ironed, it dries on the balcony for 10 minutes, it has a slippery surface,it is not hygroscopic and airtight, uncomfortable to the body, it is cold to sleep on it, hooks and spools are quickly created.

Polycotton underwear is made from a mixture of cotton and synthetics, has bright beautiful colors, easy to maintain, durable, but uncomfortable to the body. Scientists say that synthetic underwear is harmful to the human body. Such statements should be heeded, because a lot of research was conducted that confirmed this.

Such bedding violates heat exchange, does not absorb moisture, its use does not provide proper ventilation of the air. Synthetic underwear can be the cause of dermatitis, it accumulates microorganisms that cause fungal diseases.


The most enthusiastic reviews can often be found on linen made of natural silk. Buyers say that silk has a delicate surface and a very beautiful appearance, does not cause allergies. It is heat conductive, so regardless of the season it is very comfortable to sleep, it has high strength, such bedding will last a very long time. In order for silk bedding to retain its original appearance, it is necessary to follow strict rules:

  • when wet, the fabric becomes very fragile, so it can be washed only by hand (by soaking) or in delicate mode at a temperature not exceeding 40 ° C, in a completely dissolved soapy water;
  • whitening is unacceptable;
  • rinsing is carried out several times, until complete washing off of the detergent;
  • spinning is carried out manually, carefully and only through a towel;
  • dry the fabric only in a dark place;
  • iron only on the smallest temperature setting.

Various trademarks are trying to reproduce the properties of natural silk in cheaper artificial counterparts. Similar properties have viscose, which is made from wood pulp and has a flowing and smooth appearance, it is very soft to the touch, hygroscopic and breathable, hypoallergenic. Buyers note that the viscose analogue is very crumpled, does not have the necessary strength, does not possess healing properties and the necessary water resistance.

The bulk of domestic producers are focused on the mass consumer, offering bed linen at reasonable prices. Most companies produce cotton-based bedding.From such a variety, you can always choose a quality set of natural bed linen, the most practical in price and quality is poplin.

How to choose high-quality bedding, see the following video.

Information provided for reference purposes. For construction issues, always consult a specialist.

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