Subtleties of installation of pillars for the fence

Fences and barriers play an important role in the safety of residents of private houses, so their proper installation largely determines the degree of protection and comfortable living. In order to self-install the fence and be confident in its strength, you need to know the details of this process.

Process features

In order to install the fence in a certain area, you need to take into account some important aspects. Depending on the purpose of the structure, the method of conducting the work and materials will be chosen. An important role is also played by the soil in which the installation of pillars for the future fence will be made. If it is loose or sandy, it will be necessary to approach the process thoroughly, because the supports in it will stay bad.For dense soils, simple blockage of supports may be suitable, and the design in this case will be reliable.

You can make a fence with your own hands, most importantly, approach the process responsibly. Having decided on the material of the future fence, you need to find support for it. The distance between them is calculated depending on the height of the whole structure and the material from which it is made. The lighter and lower it is, the distance can be longer, but in the case of a massive structure it is important to place the pillars no more than 2 meters apart.

If you already have an old fence and you plan to replace it, then initially you have to carry out a complete dismantling of what you had, and only then mark out the territory for a new object. You can make your fence not only strong, but also beautiful, so that reliability is combined with aesthetics, which will make your work much more meaningful.

Types of supports

In order to build a good fence, it is important to choose the right elements for it. The basis of any fence are pillars, which can be made of various materials. This is what forms the plan of all works. The main materials for the supports are wood, metal, brick and concrete.

The most affordable and convenient is a tree. It is with him to work simply and quickly, and in addition, it is one of the most accessible materials. It is used for the construction of wooden structures according to the type of paling and as a support for the chain-link mesh. The simplest option for mounting such pillars is to drive each unit in with a hammer or sledge hammer. It is important to make the bottom edge of the peaked shape, so that the process goes faster.

With all the advantages of a wooden fence there is a minus in it - this is a quick material damage. It is very important to protect the wood, for which the fence is painted or varnished every year. Only such security measures will allow your construction to stand as long as possible. Another major drawback is the risk of fire. Any spark, cigarette butt, lightning - and the fence will instantly catch fire.

Other material for the pillars under the fence will be metal supports. They are much more durable, wear-resistant and durable, although they still need to be protected from corrosion. Their convenience lies in the fact that this material can be mounted as a wooden fence, and metal. During the construction of the brick pillars inside there is also a metal tab, which allows welding to attach the gate and the wicket. To install the metal support, you need to make a hole in the ground.Drilling such niches will not be difficult if you have the appropriate tool.

If we talk about concrete pillarsthen for them the eurofence is already included, which consists of special sections and can have the most diverse appearance. Most often decorate such a fence with interesting three-dimensional drawings and highlight with color. The downside of such pillars is the high cost and complexity of installation. Each pillar weighs quite a lot, and therefore it will be very difficult for an unprepared person to independently install the entire fence.

If you decide to do brick fence, the construction of such a support must be carried out according to a certain technology. Laying out a support is not as difficult as calculating its thickness and height, so that the fence will be strong and durable. If you have sections, it is best to single out the supporting parts of the structure with a different color of brick or other masonry. This option will allow you to make your fence is not just high quality, but also beautiful.

For the construction of the fence can use lag and fill wood or metal structure on it, install a metal pole that can connect parts of the fence or serve as a fastening of the gate and wicket.Brick fence will be the most durable and durable, but for its construction it is important to be able to do the correct laying. If for wooden supports it would be enough just to drive a stake into the ground, then all other materials suggest a more serious approach.

Materials and tools

Depending on the materials that will be used during the installation of the fence, you will need to have with you a certain set of tools. If you plan to install a metal pipe, then it can be driven in as well as concreted. If you decide to drive a support, then for work it is important to have an ordinary sledge hammer or a special device for driving.

If the height of the fence is less than two meters, you yourself can hammer a pole using a sledge hammer. When the barrier is planned massive - more than two or three meters high, then automated resources are needed for work. In order to plan the site correctly and choose the places for each column, you need to have a tape measure, a cord with pegs and a level. In order to install such supports, it is important to immediately treat them against corrosion, and then proceed to the installation.

If you decide to make columns of concrete, then the technology is different and tools. If you have ready-made supports, you can work with them, but if not, you can make them yourself. To get such a support, you need to make special forms of the desired length, width and height and pour the solution into them. Once it hardens, everything will be ready.

The tools you need to work with concrete are a drilling device and a bayonet spade. To make the markings on the territory, you need to have a rope, pegs and level with you, and to make a concrete solution and fix the posts, you need to prepare a trough or a concrete mixer, a shovel and a bucket.

In case you want to make a brick fence, then first of all you need to build a foundation on which the masonry will be made. The same principle works in the construction of stone pillars for decorative fence. The set of tools in this case will be similar to the previous method of installation.


As soon as you have decided on what you are going to make the fence from and support for it, you have gathered the necessary tools, you can get to work. The first thing to do is to break the site into zones and determine the boundaries along which the fence will go.For reference, you need to score pegs, which are beacons for future supports. Extreme pillars, which will be angular, should be different from the rest in size, because they will be a large load.

It is recommended to put columns apart no closer than every three meters. In that case, if the fence is of massive materials, then the interval between the pillars is reduced to two and a half meters. The first are established corner posts, which will serve as reference points for intermediate ones. In order to put them flat, it is important to pull two cords from the corner supports. One will be located at the top, and the second at the bottom, which will control the installation of subsequent columns.

If your site is not even and the height difference from one part of the future fence to the other is more than 25 centimeters, then you need to erect a stepped structure on which to install additional posts. Particular attention should be paid to those supports, which will hold the gate and the fence on themselves. It is important to strengthen them, otherwise the sagging of these structures cannot be avoided.

When a pole is installed, it is important to check it with a level so that the vertical position is correct.Only then is the final installation of the element and the filling of the columns. If you plan to concrete a large section or powerful pipes, then it is important to add some amount of stone to the mortar, which will strengthen the structure. Using concrete, it is important not to rush to complete the work, so that the material can not just grab, but completely dry and consolidate.

If your fence is low, you can get by with a simpler solution and just dig the pipes into the ground. The width of the pipes in this case should be small. Making any fence or fence is not an easy job, which, apart from physical strength, also requires skills. To install the supports and the hedge spans themselves can be both professional and any person who understood the basic principles of this work.

Mounting methods

The most important thing in order to make a good fence is to secure and reliably support the supports on which it will stand. It is the pillars that will determine how long your barrier will last. Depending on the chosen material for construction, you need to select the method of installation.

If you are building a fence of wood, then the simplest, but no less reliable option would be to drive the pillars into the ground.It is not always possible to use this method, since it is important to take into account the specifics of the soil. If it has a high density or stony inclusions, then it will be unrealistic to drive in a support and it will be necessary to select something else.

If we talk about the advantages of this method, then we can note the simplicity of work. No need to dig holes for the pillars, prepare the solution and wait until it dries. Simply find the appropriate material, the driving of which is carried out with the help of a sledgehammer. All this saves not only strength, but also funds for materials. Such a fence can be built independently, without hiring additional workers, because it is not too difficult to hammer in supports.

A fence mounted on wooden pillars can withstand any weather if the tree is initially processed and carried out at least once a year. As for the material of the barrier, in this case the use of the chain-link will be the most convenient.

If we talk about the disadvantages of this option, then we can note the gradual loosening of the structure, the curvature of the columns and the fall of the fence over the years. Any mechanical effect leads to the fact that the soil disperses and the column is loosened.If there is a heavy massive fence on wooden boards, then it may eventually subside due to the influence of weather conditions. If there are stones in the ground, then it is often almost impossible to score a footing at a considerable depth.

Another way that is considered much more reliable is to use of concrete for fastening columns. Putting such a fence is a little more difficult, but it will serve much more. In order to establish a support, you need to make a solution and pour it into the prepared recess. Zabutovka in this case will also be indispensable, because it without cement will help make the whole structure more durable and reliable, able to withstand any weight of the fence.

The use of concrete helps to protect the pipe, which is in the soil from corrosion, because it securely fixes it. Concrete can be both metal and concrete supports. If we are talking about concrete structures, then for them there is no other option than using a mortar. This is due to the fact that when such pillars are clogged, they would simply crumble or be severely deformed.

Typically, such work is carried out in the warm season, because in winter there will be no optimal temperature for the concrete to set and the fence will dry out for a very long time.In addition to the positive aspects, there are negative ones associated with the high cost of work, because the number of necessary elements is significantly higher in this case. In addition, even nature itself under adverse conditions can push the pillars to the surface, if you have slightly strengthened them.

When it comes to brick fences, then there is also work with concrete mortar, which is applied to the brick. If you are using a fight or material from a disassembled house or garage, then you cannot do without facing. When the bricks are purchased new, then this is the base material itself, and the decorative facing element in one bottle.

Concreting Instructions

In order to make a fence for centuries and not to return to its repair annually, it is best to concrete the columns into the ground. This can be done by completely submerging the lower part of the pipe in concrete or partially. The first option is used in stable soil without groundwater leaking. A layer of small crushed stone is poured into the ready hole, on which the support is put, after which it is poured with concrete.

If the soil you have is unstable soil or there is a reservoir next to it that affects the condition of the land, then it is better to use partial pouring. It is poured into the base of the pit, where the support sinks.The rest of the space must be filled with stones and other rubble. It is butaging that helps to make unstable soils stronger and more stable.

For brick columns you need to choose the right size. The height of such a support should be about two meters, and width - 38 centimeters. To make your pillars even, you need to build them using a special device called a level. That they have the opportunity to find the cause of any distortions and align them. Working at height, you need to use the appropriate ladder, which you need to think about in advance.

If you have an old fence, which is very fond of, then remove it completely is not necessary. Repair of any old structures is carried out by searching for damaged items that need to be replaced with new ones. If the supports you had wooden, then you can use corrugated. The same option is suitable for metal supports.

Tips and tricks

If you are planning to build a fence on your land, then it is very important to approach the procedure seriously. It is important to take into account many factors that will affect the fence every day - these are precipitation, and animals, and mechanical damage from a car, bicycle, and so on.When you have decided on what exactly you want, you need to plan your work, which will help you to understand if you need an assistant in the form of hired labor.

In the case when you build the fence yourself, first of all, prepare information to know what to do and in what sequence. Only after that collect all the necessary equipment that can be useful in the work, and only then proceed to the workflow.

If you choose a wooden fence, it is better to use wood of acacia, ash, pine, oak, mulberry and larch. And the worst thing in this case will be the wood of beech, linden, alder, maple, aspen, birch. Simplicity of installation puts fences from this material on the first place. In addition, every year you can change the color of the paint on the gate, the gate and the fence itself, creating a good mood for yourself and everyone around.

In order to make a more powerful fence, it is better to use metal. For columns suitable rolling profiles, such as channel, hot-rolled and angle. In addition, it is possible to use also shaped pipes having a circular, square and rectangular cross section.

Metal produces a good quality fence in a short time, but it is quite expensive.

Asbestos-cement pipes or concrete pillars can be used to install a fence. Of their shortcomings can be noted a considerable weight and lack of universality, because to such a support not every material can be fixed. In addition, if moisture gets into such a pipe and fills it, and then freezes, then under certain conditions the support will crack. If it is impossible to choose another option, you need to put an iron cap on top of the support.

If we talk about brick fences, they are beautiful, durable, but it is difficult to build them alone, most often for this you need a specialist. The cost of beautiful bricks for decorative masonry is quite high, so choose such an option can wealthy people or those who need to hide behind the fence something important.

Successful examples and options

Depending on where exactly the fence will stand and what purpose it will have, its appearance will be determined.

Wooden supports can be either thin - for an elegant fence, or thick and coarse to make the appearance of massive wooden structures.It is the most suitable model for a country house and a country house, as it fully fits into such a concept. To create a decorative effect, you can make the edges of the rails uneven.

If you want to stand out and do something unusual, then creating a three-dimensional pattern using wooden slats would be an ideal option. The fence in this design looks mysterious and fresh, and the rack texture gives it lightness. For masters of joinery to create such a masterpiece will not be difficult.

If your finances allow you to do something more solid, then it is best to use iron bars and metal structures between them. Design options for such a fence can be a huge amount. A variety of colors, patterns and thickness of forging will help to create a unique appearance of your site.

For those who have a limited budget, but really want to create a cozy courtyard and a beautiful external picture, it is enough to make a fence using a chain-link. For a complete look, you just need to frame it in a metal structure.

For those who prefer decking, the most successful will be the choice of brick columns and sections of decking.Having successfully picked up the color range of these components, you will be able to create a beautiful and stylish fence. The quality of such a building will be good and the barrier will last for many years without requiring any additional repair actions from you.

There are a lot of options for using this or that material for the columns in order to be able to select and find what suits you according to all the criteria. And the materials with which you will join the supports will emphasize your style and the main idea of ​​the whole site.

See how to install posts for the fence in the next video.

Information provided for reference purposes. For construction issues, always consult a specialist.

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